Not for the first time, inflation numbers caught the market by surprise. The bad news was the S&P 500
saw the largest one-day decline in two years, slumping 4.2%. The good news if you’re checking your 401(k), you’re only back to last week’s levels, and futures are holding up in the early hours of Wednesday.
One month of data is just one month of data, and there are still believers that the Fed in the not too distant future will stop the rate-hike campaign.
“With inflation expectations almost back down to normal levels and broadening disinflationary pressure showing up everywhere except the official CPI, we still expect both headline and core inflation to fall more quickly over the next 12 months than officials currently believe,” said Paul Ashworth, chief U.S. economist at Capital Economics. “The pivot isn’t dead yet.”
But what a rotten month of data it was. The first surprise of the day was that core CPI was much hotter than forecast, and two methods of slicing the numbers by regional Feds contained further bad news. The Atlanta Fed’s sticky-price CPI gauge rose to 6.1% year-over-year from 5.8%. Remember, that’s a weighed basket of items of prices that are meant to change slowly (think, menus). The Cleveland Fed’s median CPI, meanwhile, accelerated to 6.7% from 6.3%.
If you use the old rule of thumb that the Fed has to hike interest rates above the core rate of inflation — and remember, that particular saw is on the Fed’s own website! — then the market is still vastly underestimating how high rates will have to go. Even after Tuesday’s inflation surprise, fed fund futures imply a terminal rate around 4.25%.
Anatole Kaletsky, the chairman and chief economist of Gavekal, calculates that even if price increases come to a complete standstill right now, core inflation would still be 4.3% in December, and the headline rate at 6.2%. If core inflation continues to rise at the 0.56% rate as it did in August, it will hit 6.6% in December — and if inflation rises at the same rate recorded by the median CPI over the last three months, that core number will reach 7.2% by December.
“Many investors expect the U.S. economy to plunge into a deep recession and the Fed to respond by panicking and abandoning its inflation target. Both things may happen eventually, but neither is remotely plausible within the next six months or so,” he says.
After all, the most recent data on U.S. activity actually has been strengthening. “With inflation and labor market reports still pointing clearly to overheating, the Fed will have no excuse to hint at pausing, never mind at future easing,” says Kaletsky.
He forecasts the fed funds rate will be 4.5% by Christmas, that core inflation will be around 6.5% and the U.S. economy will still show no evidence of recession.
“In this case, it is hard to imagine why 10-year bond yields should trade below 4%, and very plausible that the yield curve could disinvert, pushing long-term bond yields towards the 5% mark,” he said. He didn’t offer up a stock market forecast, but suffice to say that if he’s correct about bonds, equities would see more days like Tuesday.
It’s not looking bad, so far. U.S. stock futures
are advancing. The dollar
edged lower, and the yield on the 10-year Treasury
edged up to 3.43%.
Just what the world needs, more inflation data is on tap, this time in the form of the producer price index for August. The U.K. saw inflation come in a touch shy of expectations, falling to 9.9% in August from 10.1%.
The Bank of Japan has conducted a check on the foreign exchange market, the Nikkei newspaper reported, setting the stage for possible intervention to stem the slide in the deteriorating Japanese yen
unveiled three-year guidance, anticipating it will grow adjusted earnings between 15% and 20% on comparable-store sales growth between 7% and 9%. Starbucks previously forecast 4% to 5% comp sales growth. It said it will return $20 billion to shareholders over the next three years through stock buybacks and dividends.
The International Energy Agency kept its 2023 oil demand growth forecast unchanged, after lowering China forecasts but lifting those for the rest of the world. The European Union said it will raise some €140 billion from windfall taxes on energy companies.
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